Any language, for instance, is designed to communicate. Programming language is basically the language of computers. It is a set of coding we give to computers in a way that it understands which is to perform specific tasks. Web development language or Web programming for languages consists of their own structure, syntax, semantics, and rules that must be followed to execute without errors.
There is no secret that the coming world is going completely digital. Every business or individual is online. Businesses are needed to build a website to grow. Not just any website, a website that is well built and looks appealing. There are primarily 3 kinds of programming language based on a different aspects of web development, i.e. front-end development, back-end development, and full-stacked development.
Back-end development involves creating the logistic. It basically means behind the scene coding that helps in the operation functionality. Python, PHP, Nodejs, etc are the programming languages that help with back-end development.
Full-stacked development of a website means both the front and back ends of the website. To be a full-stack developer you need to be fluent in programming, database handling, and security management.
Now that we have gone through the basic aspect of the development process, we are going to talk about the programming languages needed for web development in detail to have a better understanding.
HTML stands for Hypertext mark-up language and is known for being the foundation of web development. Every developer needs to know HTML before calling himself or herself a fully pledged developer. According to a survey, it is the 2nd most common programming language that is being used. It is also known as the standard language used to create web pages. It is quite easy to learn and implement and is supported by almost every browser.
It is considered the best language for web development. Just like HTML, CSS is also one of the important programming languages that a developer should know. CSS stands for cascading style sheet and is usually put with HTML to govern the style of the web page. It is considered to be a responsive web design. The combination of HTML and CSS is known as the master of all programming languages. The only drawback it has is that you need to write a lot of coding for constructing a simple web page.
Python is considered as an open-source language that is quite easy to learn and use. It is being used by many developers whether they are beginner or advanced developers. It is used for backend development, data science, or web app development. It is intensely scalable and mostly based on emphasizing code readability.
In 1990, Sun Microsystems developed Java to add features to the C++ language. It was built on the ‘Write Once Run Anywhere’ principle. Today, it is owned by Oracle and is one of the most widely used backend languages for web development. It follows the OOP concepts, has open-source feature-rich libraries, and is a good language to learn due to its moderate learning curve and high productivity. Java supports multithreading so multiple threads can be executed concurrently implying maximum CPU utilization. It supports vertical and horizontal scaling with only slight code changes. It can handle massive amounts of data and is highly secure.
PHP or Hypertext Pre-processor is an open-source scripting language used for backend development. It is a web programming language mostly used for developing dynamic, data-heavy websites and is an interpreted language. It is one of the most popular web page languages, and frameworks like Drupal and WordPress make use of PHP. It is supported by many third-party extensions like .NET, MySQL, and Apache. It can output images, PDFs, text, animations, and HTML. It is compatible with cloud services.
In our web developer blog today, we discussed a few of the most commonly used web programming languages for website development that are currently being used. Whether you are beginning your programming career or looking to enhance it, these 6 web development languages will prove to be of immense help. With programming languages, a key aspect is that even when web development trends emerge and fade away, the languages remain pertinent. So whichever language you choose to master in 2022, will stay relevant for many years to come.